Though smaller in size and influence, as compared to the other two boards comprising of municipal boards of Delhi, Delhi Cantonment Board (DCB) nevertheless exercises considerable influence over an area with a large population. At the last count when the census was carried out in 2001, the head- count under the Delhi Cantonment Board was around 124,452, which must have surely doubled in the last 12 years.
The Delhi Cantonment Board came into existence by an Act known as the Cantonment Act in the year 1914, when the country was firmly in the hands of the British. The Board in those days was under the direct control of the Ministry of Defense. The Delhi Cantonment Board operates out of its headquarters near Sadar Bazaar. Nearby areas include Janakpuri in South-West Delhi, Dwarka, Tilak Nagar, Rajouri Garden, Dhaula Kuan and both Domestic as well as International airports which lie close by.
Areas Falling under DCB
Under the trifurcation system into which the municipal administration of Delhi is divided, Delhi Cantonment Board along with Delhi Municipal Corporation (DMC) and New Delhi Municipal Council (NDMC) form the local governance bodies which hold sway over the State of Delhi.
Areas falling under the DCB obviously include the Regional Headquarters of the Indian Army and Defense establishment, the Golf Course, run for and by the Army, Defense Service Officers Institute (DSOI), Quarters and Housing for the personnel belonging to different wings of the Armed Forces and schools run by the Air Force and Army for children whose parents serve in these defense services. Both primary and middle schools are situated in this area.
The Cantonment General Hospital has been recently upgraded from 30 beds to 100 beds to handle increasing patient traffic and the facilities offered in-house are at par with other hospitals run by the private establishments. What’s more, there is a fairly large and busy railway station known as the Delhi Cantonment Railway Station. It falls on the route of trains plying between Delhi and destinations in Rajasthan and Gujarat which makes it one of the busiest railway stations in the NCR.
The Board has jurisdiction over eight wards of Delhi and the Board is made up of seven members, out of which three come from the defense establishment. In the last quarter, the municipal elections saw a hefty increase in tally of seats for Bhartiya Janata Party (BJP), which swept five out of eight wards of DCB. Similar trend was observed in the other two municipal corporations of Delhi, which witnessed an impressive return for the BJP and a rude shock for the ruling Congress Party, which was singed by corruption scandals and political ham-handedness.
The municipal area under the Board is well served by all sorts of public transports like buses and Metro Rail Networks, having Tilak Nagar-Janakpuri Metro Station and buses from all corners of Delhi touch the localities of the Board. As is the case with all Municipal Boards, it is responsible for Public Health, sanitation, water supply, street lights, fire-fighting services and also records all births, marriages and deaths of citizens living in its area.